We believe that Adam and Eve were created in innocence under the laws of their Maker, but by voluntary transgression, Adam fell from his sinless and happy estate.  Adam represented all humanity and all humanity sinned in Adam.  As a result, all men and women are totally depraved, are partakers of Adam’s fallen nature, and are sinners by nature and by conduct, and therefore, are under just condemnation without defense or excuse (Genesis 3:1-6 and 24; Romans 1:18-32; 3:10-19; 5:12 and 19).